Recognizing Addiction in Older Adults
Addiction is not limited to any specific age group; older adults can also struggle with substance abuse and addiction. However, recognizing addiction in older adults can be more challenging. It can be difficult to distinguish between addiction and age-related changes.
Older adults may be more likely to hide their addiction due to shame or fear of judgment. Additionally, their addiction may be more difficult to spot because the signs and symptoms may be mistaken for the typical effects of aging.
Some signs to look for when recognizing addiction in older adults include:
- Changes in physical appearance or hygiene
- Increased isolation or withdrawal from social activities
- Difficulty with daily tasks or responsibilities
- Financial problems or unexpected changes in spending habits
- Changes in sleep patterns or appetite
- Unexplained injuries or accidents
- Unforeseen changes in mood or behavior
- An increase in prescription medication use
It is important to note that addiction in older adults may present differently than in younger individuals. It may require a different approach to treatment. If you think a loved one may suffer from addiction, it is vital to seek professional help. This ensures they receive the appropriate care and support.
Addiction in Older Adults-What are the Causes?
There is no single cause, and the factors contributing to addiction in older adults can be complex and varied. However, some common causes of addiction in older adults are listed below.
Many older adults suffer from chronic pain conditions such as arthritis. Pain can lead to an overuse of prescription pain medications, leading to addiction.
Loss and grief
Older adults may experience a significant loss, such as the death of a loved one or retirement. Loss and grief may lead to emotional stress and an increased risk of addiction.
As older adults retire, they may have less social interaction. This may turn into feelings of loneliness and depression, leading to addiction as a coping mechanism.
Some older adults may have underlying medical conditions that can lead to addiction, such as depression, anxiety, or chronic illness.
Prescription drug use
Older adults may be more likely to use prescription drugs. The most commonly used drugs are sedatives, painkillers, and anti-anxiety medications, which can lead to addiction.
Older adults who have a history of addiction may be more likely to relapse in their later years.
Drug and Alcohol Addiction Programs Explained
Several different program options are available regarding addiction treatment. Each has its benefits and drawbacks. The four main types of programs are inpatient, outpatient, intensive outpatient, and partial hospitalization programs.
- Inpatient Programs: These are where patients stay overnight in a facility for a while, typically between 28-90 days. They offer 24/7 care and support and provide a structured environment for recovery.
- Outpatient Treatment Programs: Outpatient programs are where patients attend treatment during the day but return home or to sober living in the evening. They offer flexibility for patients who have to maintain work or family responsibilities.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs: IOPs are similar to outpatient programs but with more frequent and prolonged sessions, typically 3-5 days a week for 3-5 hours per day. They offer a higher level of support and structure than traditional outpatient programs.
- Partial Hospitalization Programs: PHPs are programs where patients attend treatment during the day, usually five days a week, but return home in the evening. They offer a level of care and structure between inpatient and outpatient programs.
Outpatient Treatment for Addiction in Older Adults
Outpatient treatment for addiction in older adults is a flexible and cost-effective option. It allows people to receive support and care. They can also maintain their daily responsibilities, such as work or care for family members. It may include individual or group therapy, medication-assisted treatment, and participation in support groups.
Outpatient treatment is particularly beneficial for older adults with mild to moderate addiction. It is also well-suited for those who have already completed an inpatient program but are looking for ongoing support. It also allows older adults to continue to live in their own homes. This can be beneficial for maintaining a sense of normalcy and reducing the risk of isolation.
What is the Addiction Treatment Process?
The addiction treatment process typically includes a comprehensive assessment, detox, therapy, and aftercare. It begins with assessing the person’s physical and mental health and addiction history. If needed, a person undergoing addiction treatment may participate in a detox program to safely stop using the substance they are addicted to.
Patients then attend individual or group therapy to address the underlying causes of addiction and teach coping skills. Aftercare is also an essential part of the process to ensure long-term success in sobriety.
Dual Diagnosis – Do Older Adults Need This Type of Treatment?
Older adults may benefit from dual diagnosis treatment if they have co-occurring medical conditions, also known as comorbid conditions. Dual diagnosis treatment addresses addiction and co-occurring mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety disorders, or PTSD. Research suggests that older adults are at a higher risk of developing mental health conditions. Substance abuse can exacerbate symptoms of these conditions.
Dual diagnosis treatment can help address these underlying issues, leading to better outcomes and a higher chance of long-term recovery. It’s important to note that not all older adults with addiction will have a co-occurring disorder. Still, for those who do, dual diagnosis treatment can be essential for their successful recovery.
The Importance of Addiction Aftercare Programs for Older Adults
Aftercare programs ensure long-term success in maintaining sobriety for older adults. They provide ongoing support and resources to help individuals navigate the challenges of recovery and reduce the risk of relapse.
Aftercare programs may include support groups, therapy, or continued medication-assisted treatment. Contact Agape for more information on addiction aftercare programs for older adults. Ask us how to get started on the path to recovery.